SatSite Monitoring with Zabbix


This Guide will explain how to use Zabbix Server for Monitoring SatSites.

It will provide PSU and Chrony readings during normal operation and show triggers when there is a problem.

Minimum Software Requirements

The following rpms or newer must be installed:

  • yate-sdr-1.1-1_r214_r477_8217_svn.mga5.noarch.rpm
  • satsite_utilities-1-1_8533_svn.mga5.x86_64
  • yate-bts-satsite-1.1-1_r3385_prot.mga5.noarch.rpm
  • yate-common-1.7-1_r110.mga5.noarch.rpm

Please note that yate-bts-satsite and satsite_utilities won’t be part of any public releases as they are hardware specific.



Zabbix Server configurations:

If you don’t have Zabbix server installed, please refer to:

1.Import yate-satsite template:

  • Open this link: Zabbix YateRAN Templates
  • Save the template .xml
  • Open Zabbix frontend http:///zabbix and login with (Admin / zabbix )
  • Navigate to Configurations -> Template -> Import -> select the file .xml and keep the rules to the default -> Import
  • You will have a message that it was imported successfully.
zabbix import template
zabbix imported template

2. Add the satsite(s) as host:

  • From Zabbix frontend, navigate to Configuration -> Hosts -> Create host
  • In the Create host page:
  • From Host tab
    • set Hostname to yate-sdr-ybts-
    • Optionally set visible name for how you will see the host
    • Create new group for Satistes or use any predefined group
    • Set the Satsite IP address
    • Make sure the host is enable
zabbix create host

3. Apply yate-satsite template:

You can apply the template for each host or you can apply it to the host group.

  • To apply the template to each host: Configurations -> hosts -> select the host -> Templates tab -> Link new templates -> select yate-satsite -> add -> add
zabbix satsite template
  • To apply the template to the host group: Configurations -> host groups -> templates -> select the template yate-sdr -> apply
zabbix template

Satsite configurations

To configure the Basestation, please refer to: Basestation Monitoring with Zabbix.

Monitoring Normal operations

During the normal operations, you can find PSU and Chrony related items.

From Monitoring -> latest data -> filter with the application satsite.


Chrony is the service used in satsite for NTP.

  • Chrony Delay
    This is the total of the network path delays to the stratum-1 computer from which the computer is ultimately synchronized. Root delay values are printed in nanosecond resolution.
  • Chrony Dispersion​
    This is the total dispersion accumulated through all the computers back to the stratum-1 computer from which the computer is ultimately synchronized. Dispersion is due to system clock resolution, statistical measurement variations etc. Root dispersion values are printed in nanosecond resolution.​
  • Chrony Skew​
    The estimated error bound on the frequency.​
satsite chrony
chrony graphic


Satsite got multiple Power supplies:

  • VA: Power supply output for the LNA (long noise amplifier) and the preamplifier
  • VB: Power supply output for the BladeRF (if VA is zero, VB must be zero and vise versa)
  • 12 MB: Power supply for the motherboard of the computer inside the SatSite
  • 28 RFPA power supply for the Radio Frequency Power Amplifier (amplifier is turned off, there must still be a voltage between 10V and 12V)
Satsite PSU Error
Satsite PSU Output5V A / Current LNA current
Satsite PSU Output5V A / LimitCurrentSet LNA limit of current
Satsite PSU Output5V A / Voltage LNA Voltage
Satsite PSU Output5V B / CurrentBladerf PSU current
Satsite PSU Output5V B / LimitCurrentSet Bladerf PSU limit of current
Satsite PSU Output5V B / Voltage Bladerf PSU Voltage
Satsite PSU Output12V / CurrentMotherboard PSU current
Satsite PSU Output12V / LimitCurrentSetMotherboard PSU limit of current
Satsite PSU Output12V / VoltageMotherboard PSU voltage
Satsite PSU Output28V / CurrentRFPA power supply current
Satsite PSU Output28V / LimitCurrentSetRFPA power supply limit of current
Satsite PSU Output 28V / VoltageRFPA power supply volatge
Satsite PowerCycleshow many times the PSU has been turned on
Satsite PSU TempPSU temperature expressed in Celsius degrees. Must not exceed 85 degrees.
Satsite Forward PowerForward power
Satsite Reverse PowerReverse power
Satsite Power Amplifier temperaturePower Amplifier temperature
Satsite PSU Version Some details about the PSU
zabbix errors

RF Indicator

RF Indicator is a graph that gives an idea of the RF situation by showing 4 items:

  • Noise
  • SNR
  • RSRQ
  • UL FER

The better these values are, the line in the graph goes up (maximum is 15) and the worse they are, the lines reach zero (The minimum).

Nevertheless, the real values can be read using ENB application items.

To view the graph: Monitor -> graph -> Yate ENB RF Indicator.

Satsite RF Indicator graph

Satsite triggers

Voltage stopped automatically because I28V is too high
Intensity of the current in the 12V power supply exceeded the limit [Main board problem]
Intensity of the current from Vb is too high, preamplifier and the LNA stop working [20 Preamp or LNA damaged]
Intensity of the current supplying the BladeRF is too high, BladeRF had to be shut down [BladeRF damaged]
Power supply unit temperature out of range
Power amplifier temperature out of range
Power amplifier RF fault, usually a problem with RF connectors, cables, or antennas [Antena or cable damaged]
The power supply unit has shut down everything but the main board to prevent damage to itself [I2C device damaged]
Antenna or cable damaged
Satsite Chrony got high Skew value
Satsite has switched to the backup core

Please note that all these triggers clears the alarm when if the error was resolved.

zabbix errors